Guiding you from the grisly ‘Hanging Green’ to ‘God’s Acre,’ this tour traces the lives of convicts – where they lived, worked, rioted and were punished. You will learn how they were treated by the emerging health care systems and where many of them were buried. Your tour features convicts who rose above their convict status by grasping opportunities in the developing colony. And you will discover less fortunate convicts who found themselves behind bars in the penal colony, at the end of a hangman’s noose, and destined for a pauper’s burial.

The tour starts in Parramatta Park in front of
Old Government House.
Estimated walking time: one hour

THE DICTIONARY OF SYDNEY WALKING TOURS APP lets you experience Sydney’s history in the palm of you hand. Convict Parramatta, the second tour available through the app, is simple to follow with a GPS-enabled map of the route and its stops. At each stop, detailed text, audio commentary and stunning historical imagery reveal the stories of the people, places, architecture and events that have transformed Sydney.
Available for both Apple and Android devices on App Store and Google Play.
Content: Michaela Ann Cameron for the Dictionary of Sydney Actor: Rebecca Havey Cello composition: Raffaele Marchellino Sound Engineer: Andrei Shabunov Audio Producer: Anna Messariti Location photography: Michaela Ann Cameron Historical imagery: Bank of England Archive, National Library of Australia, State Library of New South Wales, State Library of Victoria, State Records New South Wales, Sydney Living Museums, Tauranga City Libraries.
Some images used in this app are in copyright. To seek permission to reuse any of the images within this app, please check the image credit and contact the source organisation
Authors (further reading): Michaela Ann Cameron, Nicole Cama, Robyn Derricourt, Laila Ellmoos, Shirley Fitzgerald, Ian Hoskins, Terry Kass, Chris Levins, Terri McCormack, Gary L Sturgess, Anne-Maree Whitaker. 
Acknowledgements This project has been assisted by funds allocated to the Royal Australian Historical Society through the Heritage Branch of the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage. 
Editing: Karen Bryant for Dictionary of Sydney Project management: Kim Hanna, Executive Officer, Dictionary of Sydney Multimedia: Linda Brainwood, Multimedia Editor, Dictionary of Sydney App developed by MyTours
Thanks Thanks to Jacqueline Spedding, Coordinating Editor, and Jenny McInerney, Editorial and Research Assistant, at the Dictionary of Sydney. The Dictionary of Sydney is proudly supported by the City of Sydney
  1. Introduction
  2. 1788
  3. Old Government House, Parramatta Park
  4. The Government Lumber Yard (Rumsey Rose Garden, Parramatta Park)
  5. St John’s Cemetery, ‘God’s Acre’
  6. Bennett’s Bakery
  7. Brislington
  8. Heritage Courtyard: The Convict Hospitals
  9. Mel O’Callaghan’s ‘Landslide’ Sculpture
  10. Lennox Bridge
  11. Prince Alfred Park: ‘The Hanging Green’
  12. Prison Break at Parramatta Gaol
  13. The Female Factory
  14. Riot at the Female Factory
  15. Roseneath Cottage
  16. Salter’s Farm (Dairy Cottage, Parramatta Park)


Major Government sponsor                              Community partnerships

Acknowledgment of Country

The Dictionary of Sydney acknowledges the traditional owners of country throughout Australia and pays respect to elders both past and present. The story of Aboriginal Sydney could not be told without recognising their achievements. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are advised that this website contains images and voices of people who have died. In some Aboriginal communities, seeing the names and photographs of dead people may cause sadness and distress, particularly to relatives of those people.

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