Anzac Day commemorates all those who have served and died in war and on operational service. I recently published three articles in the Dictionary of Sydney about a World War I honour board, which was found in a church attic in Ultimo. I spoke to Mitch on 2SER Breakfast about some of the stories of the men of Ultimo and surrounds, who served during the war.
For decades a wooden World War I honour board lay in the small attic of what is now Mustard Seed Uniting Church in Ultimo. Made in 1916, it features 36 names, 26 of which have been identified with reasonable certainty. Twenty-two of those were under 25 years old and at least eight misrepresented their age in order to enlist, with the two youngest being 16 and possibly 15 years old. The majority of these men lived in the vicinity of the church where the honour board was unveiled, however, some also lived in Pyrmont and Glebe.
One of the youngest, Walter Thomas Carlisle, followed his four older brothers to war. The Sydney Mail published a photograph of the 16-year-old soldier reporting he had been ‘wounded’. In reality, he was in a French hospital receiving treatment for venereal disease. Albert Edward Doling lived above his father’s hairdressing and tobacconist saloon on Harris Street. According to family legend, Doling was punished by his superior officers because he objected to the ‘inhumane treatment’ of soldiers suffering from shell shock. Doling would later be awarded a Military Medal for ‘unselfish devotion to duty’ as a stretcher-bearer during the Battle of Menin Road in September 1917. For the rest of his life, he suffered insomnia and digestive problems as a result of being exposed to gas warfare.
But there are also stories of those who never made it home. There was 32-year-old Stewart Jamieson McLeod, who fought in what has become known as the ‘worst 24 hours in Australian military history‘, the Battle of Fromelles, in July 1916. His division suffered over 5,500 casualties in one night, with 2,000 declared dead or missing. McLeod survived this battle to be killed in action a month later. His wife later donated a French souvenir embroidered handkerchief her husband had sent, to the Australian War Memorial.
There was George Albert Foster, who lived with his parents around the corner from the Ultimo church and received several gunshot wounds in France in May 1917, dying two days later. His relatives, friends and neighbours posted a lengthy tribute in the Sydney Morning Herald, his mother posting: ‘My boy is dead, the cable tells me. / No more his native land he’ll see / But when the war is over / Still I dream he’ll come to me.’
John Alexander Newcomb was 17 years old when he enlisted. He was wounded during the Battle of Menin Road and convalesced in England until his health declined and he was sent back to Sydney, where he died over a year later at Randwick Military Hospital. His family were issued a Next of Kin Plaque, known colloquially as a ‘Dead Man’s Penny’, now in the collection of the War Memorial.
The war stories of these men merely scratch the surface of a much bigger picture. We may yet discover what life was like for the men who returned to Sydney, with their traumatic memories and broken bodies, to find their names inscribed on a wooden board in a small church in Ultimo.
Read my original articles in the Dictionary of Sydney: The Ultimo Presbyterian Church Roll of Honour, Returned Soldiers on the Ultimo Presbyterian Church Roll of Honour and The Fallen on the Ultimo Presbyterian Church Roll of Honour.